Raghavan Srinivasan, The Texas A&M University System
Co-PI and collaborator institutions
Neville Clarke, The Texas A&M University System, and Senior Advisor to the Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Small-Scale Irrigation
Worqlul, A.W., Dile, Y.T., Bezabih, M., Adie, A., Srinivasan, R., Lefore, N. and Clarke, N. 2022. Identification of suitable areas for fodder production in Ethiopia. CATENA, 213, p.106154. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2022.106154
Research Brief (ILRI). Worqlul, Abeyou W., Dile, Yihun T., Bezabih. M, Adie. A, Jones, C., Bizimana, Jean-Claude, Srinivasan, R., Lefore, N., and Clarke, N. 2021. Identification of suitable fodder production areas using irrigation from shallow groundwater in Ethiopia. Nairobi, Kenya: ILRI.
Small-scale farmers across Ethiopia struggle to provide sufficient, high-quality feed for their livestock. There is also confusion about what fodder crops will grow best in a given region. By resolving such issues, food security for consumers will improve as the livestock system becomes more productive and resilient.
Building on progress of the Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Small-Scale Irrigation in Ethiopia, this project uses Integrated Decision Support Systems (IDSS) to study improved forages, livestock feed crops, their production, and environmental and socio-economic impacts. It reviews feed strategies for on-farm production and market sale of fodder crops cultivated under small scale irrigation. This project complements our modeling work in Future Livestock Systems.
The IDSS is a suite of biophysical and socio-economic models, namely, the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT), Agriculture Policy Environment eXtender (APEX), and Farm Income and Nutrition Simulator (FARMSIM). These models will investigate Ethiopia’s main fodder crops for poultry, cattle, or small ruminants, namely, Napier (Pennisetum purpureum), alfalfa (Medicago sativa) and desho (Pennisetum pedicellatum). Other analysis will investigate Elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach), mixed vetch (Lathyrus cicera), and oats (Avena sativa). Several livestock technologies and strategies will be analyzed to identify and evaluate systems that increase feed production and quality in Ethiopia.
This project intends to:
October 2020 research update SRINIVASAN VGM (Virtual General Meeting)
Figures: Left: Framework to map land suitability for irrigated fodder production in Ethiopia; Right: A preliminary map of suitable land for Napier production in Ethiopia.
Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Livestock Systems (click for Home page) is part of Feed the Future
This work was funded in whole or part by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Bureau for Food Security under Agreement # AID-OAA-L-15-00003 as part of Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Livestock Systems. Additional funding was received from Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed here are those of the authors alone.