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FEED THE FUTURE INNOVATION LAB FOR LIVESTOCK SYSTEMS

FEED THE FUTURE INNOVATION LAB FOR LIVESTOCK SYSTEMS

ONE HEALTH FOR POULTRY

POULTRY LOSSES AND ONE HEALTH (POLOH): REDUCING LOSSES AND ZOONOTIC RISKS ALONG THE POULTRY VALUE CHAIN THROUGH A ONE HEALTH APPROACH

  • Location: Burkina Faso
  • Timeframe: July 2022 – 2025
  • Funding: USAID

Michel Dione

Principal Investigator (PI) and lead organization:

  • Michel Dione, International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)

Co-PI and collaborator institutions

  • Kagambèga Assèta, University Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
  • Claudia Ganser, University of Florida (UF), USA
  • Ziynet Boz, UF
  • Theodore Knight–Jones, ILRI, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Robyn Alders, Kyeema Foundation, Brisbane, Australia

Introduction

Poultry diseases in Burkina Faso can negatively affect human health and constrain the productivity of the poultry market. By developing interventions that improve farm and market practices, providing education and training, and testing business models that can enhance value chain linkages, the poultry sector can become safer and more productive.

Project Goal and Objectives

The overarching goal of this project is to enhance household food security and safety and improve the livelihoods of poultry smallholder producers. It will accomplish this goal by reducing economic losses and zoonotic risks along the value chain, and by developing culturally and economically appropriate, gender-sensitive One Health interventions at the producer level, resulting in reduced flock mortality, pathogen occurrence, and human health risks. Specific objectives are:

  • Assessing knowledge, attitudes, and practices of smallholder poultry producers and other connected value chain actors
  • Assessing the distribution and characterizing the key chicken associated zoonotic pathogens (Salmonella spp. and Campylobacter spp.) and assessing intervention effects and gendered impacts of farm and market-level practices on productivity, food safety, and animal welfare through modeling approaches, laboratory surveys, and field evaluation
  • Developing and testing appropriate Integrated Educational and Training packages using a holistic approach
  • Identifying and testing likely gender-sensitive business models for enhancing value linkages, including inputs, delivery of veterinary products (such as deworming, effective vaccination and training), and advisory services through public-private partnerships, and including community vaccinators
  • Building the capacity of next-generation youth national researchers on poultry health and food safety research using a One Health approach and improving networking and collaboration among value chain stakeholders.

Background

Poultry keeping among rural households in low-income countries such as Burkina Faso represents an important component of livelihood as a source of income, nutrition, and as gifts to strengthen social ties. The landlocked status of the country coupled with increasing demand for poultry-source proteins implies an opportunity for the significant growth of low- to middle-income households that contribute to the smallholder production sector.

Research Approach

We will use a gendered mixed method to gain insights on food security and safety of smallholder households. We will assess the shedding of microbiological hazards such as Campylobacter and Salmonella within the farm environment and at live poultry markets. An integrated intervention package, targeting smallholder poultry producers and connected value chain actors, extension workers, and animal professionals to increase poultry production and reduce zoonotic microbial shedding, will be assessed through a randomized control trial. Data generated from the baseline and intervention surveys will be used to develop Bayesian Belief Network models to complement results from the intervention study on farm-level pathogen shedding.

Knowledge gained from pre-intervention surveys and Bayesian Belief Network models will be used to identify and develop sustainable approaches to improve knowledge and accessibility of poultry management, husbandry, and hygiene practices that build on existing community-based strategies with a strong One Health component.

Additional collaborators:

  • Sidonie Ima-Ouoba, Institut de l'Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles / Environmental and Agricultural Research Institute (INERA), Koudougou, Burkina Faso
  • Adama Maiga, Veterinary Services, Ministry of Animal and Fisheries Resources, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
  • Alessandra Galiè, ILRI, Nairobi, Kenya
  • Murat Sartas, ILRI, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Livestock Systems is part of Feed the Future

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This work was funded in whole or part by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Bureau for Food Security under Agreement # AID-OAA-L-15-00003 as part of Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Livestock Systems. Additional funding was received from Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed here are those of the authors alone.