The design, implementation, and adoption of appropriate policies are fundamental to the success of the livestock sector. Appropriate policies create the most efficient and effective foundational practices for the best outcomes for nutrition and income in an equitable manner. While policy priorities and the clarity with which they are articulated vary across target countries, considerable overlap exists.
Issues like the following figure prominently in the livestock policy agendas of target countries, whether articulated through local, country, or regional policies/regulations: productivity, input regulation, nutrition, risk management, animal and human health, trade, gender issues, and user rights with regard to land and water resources. A coherent and comprehensive policy framework must address each of these elements, while considering the many institutional and thematic dimensions relevant to the livestock sector.
Furthermore, livestock policy must account for the fact that the livestock value chain consists of many actors with differing incentives, constraints, and power. Whereas, majority of smallholder livestock producers have limited power in their societies to affect policies. In addition, the livestock value chain is currently characterized by changes in demand driven by income growth, urbanization, as well as changes in resource availability due to climate change.
Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Livestock Systems
This work was funded in whole or part by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Bureau for Food Security under Agreement # AID-OAA-L-15-00003 as part of Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Livestock Systems. Additional funding was received from Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed here are those of the authors alone.