Feed the Future

 

FEED THE FUTURE INNOVATION LAB FOR LIVESTOCK SYSTEMS

Nepal

Improving Dairy Animal Productivity and Income of Dairy Farmers through Effective Control of Mastitis Disease

Principal Investigator (PI) and Lead Institution

Dr. Keshav Prasad Sah, Heifer Project International Nepal

Co-PI and Collaborator Institutions

Department of Livestock Services, Himalayan College of Agricultural Science and Technology

Summary

Dairy is the most important sub sector of livestock production in Nepal and contributes almost two-thirds to the livestock share of the GDP. Despite this, the per capita availability of Animal Source Food (ASF) in terms of milk and milk products is low (60 kg per capita per year), mainly due to low levels of productivity. The low level of productivity is the cumulative effect of poor genetics, poor and inappropriate feeding management, and a large number of diseases of economic significance. Mastitis is one of the most significant diseases of dairy animals and has multifaceted dimensions including economic losses to farmers, technical significance to the dairy processing industry, and health hazards to consumers. The primary objective of the proposed project is to enhance the livelihoods of smallholder dairy farmers through increased income from productivity improvement of dairy animals by the effective control of mastitis. The specific objectives are to: (1) Identify major gaps in Good Husbandry Practices (GHP) adoption (barn hygiene and animal health, personal hygiene and cleanliness of dairy equipment), associated constraints and motivational factors for adoption by smallholder dairy farmers; (2) Examine and quantify the correlation between conductivity readings (through Lactoscan) and somatic cell count (SCC) in cows with or without mastitis; (3) Identify proper extension approaches/tools for wider scale use of mastitis control technologies; (4) Identify the most effective antibiotics for clinical mastitis cases; and (5) Create awareness about the effect of clinical mastitis and haphazard use of antibiotics in developing livestock and human health hazards among smallholder farmers.

The activities will be implemented in four districts of the mid-western development region, namely in the Surkhet, Bardiya, Banke and Dang districts. A total of 400 dairy animal keeping households (100 from each district) will be included in this project. Policy recommendations will be made motivating farmers for the adoption of GHP, Post Milking Teat Dipping (PMTD), and Dry Cow Therapy (DCT) technologies for mastitis control, and a training course will be developed to help farmers easily adopt the good practices.

Photo credit: Prerana Karki

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Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Livestock Systems
Department of Animal Sciences
P.O. Box 110910
Gainesville, Florida
32611-0910
livestock-lab@ufl.edu


This website is made possible by the generous support of the American people through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and it Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Livestock Systems managed by the University of Florida and the International Livestock Research Institute. The contents are the responsibility of the Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Livestock systems and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the United States Government.


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