Feed the Future




Milk production practices, udder health and the impact on milk quality, safety and processability in Rwanda

Principal Investigator (PI) and Lead Institution

Jean Baptiste Ndahetuye, University of Rwanda

Co-PI and Collaborator Institutions

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), National Veterinary Institute (of Sweden)


GoR initiatives such as Girinka have increased milk production from 185,000 tons in 2007 to 445,000 tons in 2013 and the annual milk production is projected to reach 650,000 tons by 2017. However, there are limitations in achieving the vision of high quality milk production. These include the lack of service providers and lack of research at different levels of the milk chain. Lack of research on dairy animal health and milk pre-and post-harvest best practices lead to significant qualitative and quantitative losses of milk. Lack of good quality milk hampers the efforts to fight malnutrition and can lead to public health hazards. The overall objective of the current project is to develop best practices that enhance dairy cow’s health and milk quality in the Rwandan dairy chain. Specific objectives include the following:

  1. Evaluate udder health, risk factors and impact of subclinical mastitis on dairy productivity in Rwanda;
  2. Evaluate microbiological and chemical quality of raw milk in Rwanda by evaluation of the prevalence of zoonotic bacteria, their antimicrobial resistance and the antimicrobial residues in milk at different sites of the milk chain in Rwanda; and
  3. Train dairy farmers, MCCs managers/technicians, IAKIB’s extension officer /veterinarians, district’s veterinarians and students in best practices for good udder health and best milk production practices. The research site will be the Gicumbi District in Northern Rwanda.

Photo credit: LSIL


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Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Livestock Systems
Department of Animal Sciences
P.O. Box 110910
Gainesville, Florida

This website is made possible by the generous support of the American people through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and it Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Livestock Systems managed by the University of Florida and the International Livestock Research Institute. The contents are the responsibility of the Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Livestock systems and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the United States Government.

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